(1) Japan’s interest to join the negotiations on the Trans-Pacific Partnership (TPP) beyond the
(2) The start of negotiations between Japan and the EU to establish a Free Trade Zone;
(3) Plurilateral negotiations in the services sector that are outside the WTO’s framework. These negotiations include Australia, China (Hong Kong), the EU, Japan, Mexico, New Zealand, Norway, Switzerland and the US;
(4) The repercussions of the global economic and financial crises on the WTO trading partners if they are tempted to adopt protectionist policies in the trade field;
(5) Developed trading partners are calling for an end to the treatment of emerging economies such as Brazil, China and India as developing countries. Such a status in the WTO grants them flexibilities related to special and differential treatments (S&DT). Hence developed countries are pushing in the WTO negotiations to establish a new group of trading partners called “emerging economies” which should not enjoy the same treatment and flexibilities reserved for developing countries;
(6) Three out of four Singapore issues were dropped from the Doha Trade programme after the failure of the Fifth WTO Ministerial Conference held in Cancun in 2005ï¼ namely trade and investment, trade and competition and transparency in government procurement. Only one of the four issues was subject of negotiations namely “Trade Facilitation”. Most of the issues included in the Doha work programme were stalled in the negotiations in the WTO since 2002 as reflected in the deliberations of the TNC. That said, an understanding was broadly agreed on concluding only some issues at Bali under the so-called ãEarly Harvest” with the remaining Doha issues relegated to the Post Bali era.
A number of proposals were tabled by developed and developing country where they perceive a broad consensus emerging ahead of the full conclusion areas may constitute a Package of Deliverables that could include the delegations show flexibility in their positions during negotiations:
(1) Trade facilitation: As noted earlier, this was one of four issues countries in Singapore in 1996ï¼ claiming it to be a win-win proposal, countries considered this as promoting the exports of developed countries. In order to implement it, several developing countries needed not only a transitional period but also capacity building and additional technical cooperation.
(2) Development issues and particularly LDC issues: Duty Free and Quota Free market access (DF&QF) •
- Tariff Rate Quota (TRQ) administration: Proposal of the G20 which includes provisions on S&DT
and proposals on demand arrangements;
- Export competition: Longstanding commitment on the elimination of export subsidies (a mandate was agreed at the Hong Kong Ministerial Conference in 2005 to eliminate such subsidies by 2013);
- Food security: G33 proposal opposed by developed countries and some net food exporting developing countries from the Cairns group Terraza arrozales , campos;
- Export restrictions: Proposal made by net food importing developing countries (NFIDC);
- The development dimension of trade liberalization which continues to be contentious in agricultural talks and includes: trade and debts, trade and transfer of technology, trade and finance, and S&DT. Developed countries tend to wash their hands of such issues.